HMRC will pay a taxable grant to self-employed individuals and partners equivalent to 80% of their average trading profits for three months, capped at
£2,500 per month.
Who gets what? - The government has chosen to base the amount of grant for each taxpayer on the average of their trading profits as reported in their last
three tax returns for the years: 2015/16 to 2018/19. If the taxpayer started trading within this three year period the monthly average of profits will
be calculated from the periods in which they were trading.
The taxpayer (or their tax agent) does not need to provide any figures at this stage. HMRC will arrive at the taxpayer’s average earnings by totalling
up the reported profit for the three tax years (or shorter period as applicable) and divide by three to arrive at a typical average year. One quarter
of that average annual profit will then form the basis of the SEISS grant awarded – at the 80% rate.
The number of months covered by a SEISS grant may be extended beyond three months if the coronavirus shutdown continues beyond the end of June.
Who doesn’t qualify - The SEISS grant will not be payable to anyone who meets any of these conditions:
- has average annual profits of £50,000 or more – those taxpayers will get nothing
- has not submitted a tax return for 2018/19
- receive less than half of their annual taxable income from self-employed profits
- has already ceased trading permanently.
If the taxpayer has not submitted their 2018/19 tax return, they have until 23 April 2020 to submit it in order to qualify for the grant. Penalties for
late filing and late payment of tax will apply as normal.
Those who started trading on or after 6 April 2019 are not eligible for the SEISS grant. This seems harsh, but HMRC has to draw the line somewhere.
The purpose of the SEISS grant is to help traders through the coronavirus crisis. To qualify for the grant the business must have traded in 2019/20 and
would still be trading if it hadn’t been for the interruption to business due to the coronavirus. If the trader has taken the decision to cease trading
completely, no grant is payable.
Property letting businesses are not regarded as a trade, so landlords will not qualify for the SEISS grant even if more than half of their taxable income
is from rental income.
Similarly, the letting of furnished holiday accommodation is not strictly a trade, although it is treated as a trade for certain pensions and CGT purposes.
HMRC are unlikely to consider income from furnished holiday lets as qualifying for the SEISS grant, although these landlords will be among the hardest
hit of all “self-employed”.
How will the grant be delivered? - HMRC will contact those taxpayers who are eligible for this grant and will invite them to apply for the payment online.
It is not clear if this contact will be made by letter, but it certainly won't be by email or text message.
The taxpayer may need to confirm to HMRC that they were trading in 2019/20 and expect to continue to trade in 2020/21. Some indication of the business
turnover for 2019/20 may have to be provided at that point.
When will the money arrive? - The SEISS grant for three months will be payable in one lump sum into the taxpayer’s bank account, but the money will not
be available until early June.
The grant will be treated as taxable income, and will have to be reported on tax returns for 2020/21. Taxpayers in receipt of working tax credits or universal
credit will have to treat the SEISS grant as part of their self-employed income for 2020/21.